Italy: Demographics

        What are demographic characteristics?

        Demographic characteristics are any statistics about the human population in a certain regions.  These statisitics can be anything from the sex ratio to the electrical consumption of the region.

        Human Demography

        Human demograhics are demographic figures that have to directly do with the actual people living in the designated region.        
         Italy has a fairly well spread age structure providing it with an average dependancy load.  The ages 0-14 have 14.17% of the population, the ages 15-64 have 67.48% of the population and the elders - 65 and up - have 18.35% (demographics).  The total Italian population growsn at an annual rate of 0.07% as opposed to a country like Canada with a growth rate of 0.804% (Omundi Index). 
        The factors that affect the population and the growth or birth and death rates, migrants, fertilityn rate and infant mortality rate.  The birth rate in Italy is 9.05 births every year per 1000 people.  The death rate is 10.07 deaths annually per 1000 people.  These two statistics put Italy in the 5th phase of the demographic transition when the birth rate falls below the death rate.  The migrant rate (people leaving the country) is 1.73 migrants annually per 1000 population which is an average rate.  The fertility rate is 11.8 children per 1 women in her life time as opposed to a country like Canada where the fertility is 1.6 children per 1 woman in her whole life (demographics).
         The total life expectancy in Italy is 79.14.  For men the average life expectancy is 75.97.  The average life expectancy for woman is almost seven years hogher at 82.52 (demographics).
        The total sex ratio throughout an entire life is 0.94 makes per 1 woman.  This total is divided in to four separate categories to anylyze.  the four are at birth, below fifteen, fifteen-sixty four, and sixty four and up.  The sex ratio at birth is 1.07 males to 1 female.  The amount of males then drops slightly to 1.06 males per 1 female in the under fifteen category.  It then drops again more significantly to 0.94 males per 1 woman in the fifteen - sixty four category.  Then the most significant of the drops comes in the last category at 0.74 males pewr 1 female in the above sisty four category.  This last significant drop is because of the cact that the females have a much higher life expectancy then males (demographics).
        HIV/AIDS is a disease common in every country and Italy is no exception.  The HIV/AIDS infection rate is 0.35%.  The number of people currently living with HIV/AIDS is 95, 000.  Of these 95, 000 people living with HIV/AIDS exactly 1000 of them die every year.


        Industrial Demography

        Industrial demographics are demographic figures that have no direct relationship with the actual people within the designated area.
        The industrial production rate in Italy is 1.9%.  The country produces 247.679 billion kilowatts of energy but uses more at a total of 272.35 billion kilowatts.  The elctricity produced in Italy is 79.09% fossil fuels, 18.08% is produced by hydro electric generators and the remaining 2.83% is produced by other means but no nuclear power.  Because Italy uses more electricity then it produces it is forced to import electricity.  They import a total of 42.539 billion kilowatts.  Italy also exports 530 million kilowatts of energy.
        The actual industries in Italy are tourism, machinery, iron and steel, chemicals, textiles, food processing, clothing, foot wear, fashion, and motor vehicles.  The agricultural exports from Italy include fruits, vegetables, grapes, potatoes, sugar beets, soybeans, grain, olives, beef, dairy products and fish.  Italy exports a total of 241.1 billion dollars worth of goods and electricity and they import 231.4 billion dollars worth of goods and electricity.  Italy has no debts (demographics).
        In Italy there are a total of 19, 660 km worth of railroad tracks that are still functioning.  There are also 135 airports that are operational put only 96 of then have fully paved runways.
        Italy also has quite a powerful military and has four seperate branches.  These branches are the army, navy, air force and a unique wing called the carabinieri.  The carabinieri are the national gendarmerie of Italy.  They act as police for both civilian and military operations.  The total available manpower available at any time and fit for service is 14, 248, 674 men.